Theory x, theory y by douglas mcgregor is a motivation theory douglas mcgregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called theory x and theory y. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise , douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y. Which of the following is an assumption of mcgregor's theory x the typical person ___ new leadership c an interview with the attending supervisor d an interview with the employee responsible e statistical analysis as deming observed, douglas mcgregor,.
Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches. It is based on douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y mcgregor proposed that individuals tend to view others in either negative or positive terms the negative stereotype, which he called theory x, sees human beings as primarily lazy and disinterested in working. Mcgregor’s theory-x and theory-y this question of motivation has been studied by management theorists and social psychologists for decades, in attempts to identify successful approaches to management. Douglas mcgregor created two management theories, theory x and theory y theory x assumes that employees are lazy, unmotivated, and will do anything to avoid working.
Douglas mcgregor introduced these two theories ie, theory x and theory, based on two distinct views of human beings he proposed, at opposite extremes two pairs of assumptions about human beings which he thought were implied by the actions of the managers. Theory x and theory y (douglas mcgregor) douglas mcgregor in his book, “the human side of enterprise” published in 1960 has examined theories on behavior of individuals at work, and he has formulated two models which he calls theory x and theory y. Abstract it was in 1957 that douglas mcgregor first proposed the concept of theory x and theory y in ‘the human side of enterprise’, yet still today his ideas continue to be misunderstood and misused in the field of management. Theory x and theory y framework proposed by mcgregor in his classic book the human side of enterprise (1960) consists of two alternative set of assumptions theory x percieves employees to be lazy, irresponsible and untrustworthy, while according to theory y employees are approached as one of the most valuable assets of the company. Theory x and theory y definition: the theory x and theory y are the theories of motivation given by douglas mcgregor in 1960’s these theories are based on the premise that management has to assemble all the factors of production, including human beings, to get the work done.
According to douglas mcgregor, theory x and theory y provide two opposing views of workers, where theory x recognizes that workers enjoy achievement and responsibility, while theory y recognizes that workers will avoid work whenever possible. Management chapter two study play a contemporary management approach that emphasizes the application of quantitative analysis to managerial decisions and problems what is douglas mcgregor's theory x/y associated with competition, zero-sum outcomes, cooperation, growth. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory yboth of these theories begin with the premise that management's role is to assemble the factors of production, including people, for the economic benefit of the firm. The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x – people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility.
Mcgregor’s ideas about theory x and theory y were first articulated in his article, “the human side of enterprise,” (mcgregor, 1957) and were expanded upon in his book with the same title (mcgregor, 1960. The present study explored the possibility that mcgregor's (1960) theory x/y assumptions serve as cognitive determinants of superior communicator style, a multidimensional set of style variables that can have considerable effects on subordinate well-being and organizational viability. Theory x and theory y in 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y. Based on the premises concerning human behaviour, prof douglas mcgregor put forward a theory of motivation, called as theory x and theory y theory x is a conventional approach to motivation, based on negative assumptions.
In this video we are going to be looking at douglas mcgregor theory x and theory y managers douglas mcgregor, a behavior management theorist who was heavily influenced by both abraham maslow and. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book “the human side of enterprise” 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y 2 mcgregor’s theory x and y theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y both of these theories begin with the premise that management's role is to assemble the.
Douglas mcgregor theory x and theory y essay moral decline in america essay the cancer journals analysis essay katja wollenweber dissertations english personal reflective essays inventors and their inventions essay 8 pages essay writing k319 essays on education conflict in to build a fire essay. Theory y given by douglas mcgregor both these assumptions have different meanings both these assumptions have different meanings and perception regarding the tendency and behavior of people. Tion, essays of douglas mcgregor, edited by w g bennis and e h schein (cambridge, ma: mit press, 1966): 3–20 reprinted mcgregor’s six assumptions of theory y and his ideas of integrating individual and organization goals are congruent with the main planks in my philosophy of life now and at that time.